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Game Boy

Game Boy

The 8-bit Game Boy (ゲームボーイ) is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo and first released in 1989. It is the first handheld console in the Game Boy line, and was created by Gunpei Yokoi and Nintendo's Research and Development 1, the same staff who had designed the Game & Watch series as well as several popular games for the Nintendo Entertainment System.

The original Game Boy was a bit unwieldy

The original Game Boy was a bit unwieldy

The Game Boy is Nintendo's second handheld system following the Game & Watch series introduced in 1980, and it combined features from both the Nintendo Entertainment System and Game & Watch. It was originally bundled with the puzzle game Tetris.

Despite many other, technologically superior handheld consoles introduced during its lifetime, the Game Boy was a tremendous success. The Game Boy and Game Boy Color combined have sold 118.69 million units worldwide. Upon its release in the United States, it sold its entire shipment of one million units within weeks.

Data & Technical specifications

Manufacturer
Nintendo
Release Dates
Japan: April 21, 1989
North America: August 1989
Europe: September 28, 1990
Media
Game Boy cartridges
Predecessor
Game & Watch
Successor
Game Boy Pocket (redesign) (1996)
Game Boy Light (redesign) (1998, Japan only)
Game Boy Color (successor) (1998)
Units sold
118.69 million (all Game Boy systems including Pocket and Color)1
Best-selling Games
Tetris, 30.26 million2
Pokémon Red and Blue, 23.64 million

  • CPU: Custom 8-bit Sharp LR35902 core at 4.19 MHz which is similar to an Intel 8080 in that all of the registers introduced in the Z80 are not present. However, some of the Z80's instruction set enhancements over the stock 8080, particularly bit manipulation, are present. Still other instructions are unique to this particular flavor of Z80 CPU. The core also contains integrated sound generation.
  • RAM: 8 kB internal S-RAM
  • Video RAM: 8 kB internal
  • ROM: On-CPU-Die 256-byte bootstrap; 256 kb, 512 kb, 1 Mb, 2 Mb, 4 Mb and 8 Mb cartridges
  • Sound: 2 square waves, 1 programmable 32-sample 4-bit PCM wave, 1 white noise, and one audio input from the cartridge. The unit only has one speaker, but headphones provide stereo sound.
  • Display: Reflective LCD 160 × 144 pixels
  • Frame Rate: Approx. 59.7 frames per second on a regular Game Boy, 61.1 on a Super Game Boy
  • Vertical Blank Rate: Approx 1.1ms [24]
  • Screen size: 66 mm (2.6 in) diagonal
  • Color Palette: 2-bit (4 shades of "grey" [light to very dark olive green])
  • Communication: Up to 2 Game Boys can be linked together via built-in serial ports, up to 4 with a DMG-07 4-player adapter. More than 4 players is possible by chaining adapters.
  • Power: 6 V, 0.7 W (4 AA batteries provide ~14–35 hours)
  • Dimensions: 90 mm (W) x 148 mm (H) x 32 mm (D) / 3.5" x 5.8" 1.3" (in)
Notes
  1. Wikipedia: Game Boy

  2. Wikipedia: Game Boy

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Created 6 years, 10 months ago by Matt | Edited 4 years, 6 months ago | 4730 views
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